Acknowledging ICON

When acknowledging support from ICON in a publication, please include the following statement:
ICON is supported by NASA’s Explorers Program through contracts NNG12FA45C and NNG12FA42I. ICON data are processed in the ICON Science Data Center at UCB and available at https://icon.ssl.berkeley.edu/Data.

Published Papers

NOTE: Downloadable PDFs of many of these publications can be found at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/

COLLECTIONS

Space Science Reviews: The Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) mission ISSN: 0038-6308 (Print) 1572-9672 (Online)

Bust, G.S. and Immel, T.J., 2020. IDA4D: Ionospheric Data Assimilation for the ICON Mission. Space Science Reviews, 216(3), pp.1-17. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-020-00648-z (publicly accessible)

Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M., Brown, C.M., Marr, K.D., Miller, I.J., Stump, J.E., Hancock, J., Peterson, J.Q., Kumler, J., Morrow, W.H., Mooney, T.A., Ellis, S., Mende, S.B., Harris, S.E., Stevens, M.H., Makela, J.J., Harding, B.J., and Immel, T.J., 2017. Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI): instrument design and calibration. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.553-584. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0358-4

Forbes, J.M., Zhang, X., Hagan, M.E., England, S.L., Liu, G. and Gasperini, F., 2017. On the Specification of Upward-Propagating Tides for ICON Science Investigations. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.697-713. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0401-5

Harding, B.J., Makela, J.J., Englert, C.R., Marr, K.D., Harlander, J.M., England, S.L. and Immel, T.J., 2017. The MIGHTI Wind Retrieval Algorithm: Description and Verification. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.585–600. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0359-3

Harlander, J.M., Englert, C.R., Brown, C.M., Marr, K.D., Miller, I.J., Zastera, V., Bach, B.W. and Mende, S.B., 2017. Michelson interferometer for global high-resolution thermospheric imaging (MIGHTI): monolithic interferometer design and test. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.601–613. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0374-4

Heelis, R.A., Stoneback, R.A., Perdue, M.D., Depew, M.D., Morgan, W.A., Mankey, M.W., Lippincott, C.R., Harmon, L.L., and Holt, B.J., 2017. Ion Velocity Measurements for the Ionospheric Connections Explorer. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.615-629. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0383-3

Huba, J.D., Maute, A. and Crowley, G., 2017. SAMI3_ICON: Model of the Ionosphere/Plasmasphere System. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.731-742. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0415-z

Immel, T.J., England, S.L., Mende, S.B., Heelis, R.A., Englert, C.R., Edelstein, J., Frey, H.U., Taylor, E.R., Craig, W.W., Harris, S.E., Bester, M., Bust, G.S., Crowley, G., Forbes, J.M., Gérard, J.-C., Harlander, J.M., Huba, J.D., Hubert, B., Kamalabadi, F., Makela, J.J., Maute, A.I., Meier, R.R., Raftery, C., Rochus, P., Siegmund, O.H.W., Stephan, A.W., Swenson, G.R., Frey, S., Hysell, D.L., Saito, A., Rider, K.A., and Sirk, M.M., 2018. The Ionospheric Connection Explorer mission: mission goals and design. Space Science Reviews, 214:13 (36pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0449-2

Kamalabadi, F., Qin, J., Harding, B.J., Iliou, D., Makela, J.J., Meier, R.R., England, S.L., Frey, H.U., Mende, S.B. and Immel, T.J., 2018. Inferring nighttime ionospheric parameters with the Far Ultraviolet Imager onboard the Ionospheric Connection Explorer. Space Science Reviews, 214:70 (14pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0502-9

Maute, A., 2017. Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer: TIEGCM-ICON. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.523-551. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0330-3

Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U., Rider, K., Chou, C., Harris, S.E., Siegmund, O.H.W., England, S.L., Wilkins, C., Craig, W., Immel, T.J. and Turin, P., 2017. The far ultra-violet Imager on the ICON mission. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.655-696. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0386-0

Sirk, M. M., Korpela, E. J., Ishikawa, Y., Edelstein, J., Wishnow, E. H., Smith, C., McCauley J., McPhate J.B., Curtis J., and Gibson, S. R., 2017. Design and performance of the ICON EUV spectrograph. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.631-643. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0384-2

Stephan, A.W., Meier, R.R., England, S.L., Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U. and Immel, T.J., 2018. Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON). Space Science Reviews, 214:42 (17pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

Stephan, A.W., Korpela, E.J., Sirk, M.M., England, S.L. and Immel, T.J., 2017. Daytime Ionosphere Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON). Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.645-654. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0385-1

Stevens, M.H., Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M., England, S.L., Marr, K.D., Brown, C.M., and Immel, T.J., 2018. Retrieval of Lower Thermospheric Temperatures from O2 A Band Emission: The MIGHTI Experiment on ICON. Space Science Reviews, 214:4 (9pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0434-9

Wilkins, C.W., Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U. and England, S.L., 2017. Time-Delay Integration Imaging with ICON’s Far-Ultraviolet Imager. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.715-730. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0410-4

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS (by year/author)

2021

Chu, X., Chen, Y., Cullens, C. Y., Yu, Z., Xu, Z., Zhang, S.-R., et al. 2021. Mid-latitude thermosphere-ionosphere Na (TINa) layers observed with high-sensitivity Na Doppler lidar over Boulder (40.13°N, 105.24°W). Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL093729. DOI: 10.1029/2021GL093729 (publicly accessible)

England, S. L., Meier, R. R., Frey, H. U., Mende, S. B., Stephan, A. W., Krier, C. S., et al. 2021. First results from the retrieved column O/N2 ratio from the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON): Evidence of the impacts of nonmigrating tides. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029575. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029575

Forbes, J. M., Zhang, X., Heelis, R., Stoneback, R., Englert, C. R., Harlander, J. M., et al. 2021. Atmosphere-Ionosphere (A-I) coupling as viewed by ICON: Day-to-day variability due to planetary wave (PW)-tide interactions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2020JA028927. DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028927

Gasperini, F., Azeem, I., Crowley, G., Perdue, M., Depew, M., Immel, T.J., Stromberg, E., Fish, C., Frazier, C., Reynolds, A. and Swenson, A., 2021. Dynamical coupling between the low-latitude lower thermosphere and ionosphere via the non-migrating diurnal tide as revealed by concurrent satellite observations and numerical modeling. Earth and Space Science Open Archive ESSOAr. DOI: 10.1002/essoar.10506647.1 (publicly accessible)

Harding, B.J., Chau, J.L., He, M., Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M., Marr, K.D., Makela, J.J., Clahsen, M., Li, G., Ratnam, M.V. and Bhaskar Rao, S.V., 2021. Validation of ICON‐MIGHTI thermospheric wind observations: 2. Green‐line comparisons to specular meteor radars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, p.e2020JA028947. Public accesss. DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028947

He, M., Chau, J. L., Forbes, J. M., Zhang, X., Englert, C. R., Harding, B. J., et al. 2021. Quasi-2-day wave in low-latitude atmospheric winds as viewed from the ground and space during January–March, 2020. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL093466. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL093466 (publicly accessible)

Huba, J. D., Heelis, R., & Maute, A. 2021. Large‐scale O+ depletions observed by ICON in the post‐midnight topside ionosphere: Data/model comparison. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL092061. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL092061 (publicly accessible)

Makela, J.J., Baughman, M., Navarro, L.A., Harding, B.J., Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M., Marr, K.D., Benkhaldoun, Z., Kaab, M. and Immel, T.J., 2021. Validation of ICON‐MIGHTI thermospheric wind observations: 1. Nighttime Red‐line Ground‐Based Fabry‐Perot Interferometers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, p.e2020JA028726. Public access. DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028726

Meier, R.R., 2021. The thermospheric column O/N2 ratio. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2020JA029059. Public accesss. DOI: 10.1029/2020JA029059

Park, J., Heelis, R. and Chao, C.K., 2021. Ion velocity and temperature variation around topside nighttime irregularities: Contrast between low‐and mid‐latitude regions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126(2), p.e2020JA028810. Public access. DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028810

Park, J., Huba, J. D., Heelis, R., & Englert, C. (2021). Isolated peak of oxygen ion fraction in the post-noon equatorial F-region: ICON and SAMI3/WACCM-X. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029217. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029217

Yamazaki, Y., Harding, B.J., Stolle, C. and Matzka, J., 2021. Neutral wind profiles during periods of eastward and westward equatorial electrojet. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(11), p.e2021GL093567. DOI: 10.1029/2021GL093567 (publicly accessible) 

Yuan, T., Stevens, M. H., Englert, C. R., & Immel, T. J. (2021). Temperature tides across the mid-latitude summer turbopause measured by a sodium lidar and MIGHTI/ICON. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2021JD035321. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD035321

2020

Bust, G.S. and Immel, T.J., 2020. IDA4D: Ionospheric Data Assimilation for the ICON Mission. Space Science Reviews, 216(3), pp.1-17. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-020-00648-z (publicly accessible)

Cullens, C.Y., Immel, T.J., Triplett, C.C., Wu, Y.J., England, S.L., Forbes, J.M. and Liu, G., 2020. Sensitivity study for ICON tidal analysis. Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, 7, pp.1-13. DOI: 10.1186/s40645-020-00330-6 (publicly accessible)

Immel, T.J., Eastes, R.W., McClintock, W.E., Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U., Triplett, C. and England, S.L., 2020. Daily Variability in the Terrestrial UV Airglow. Atmosphere, 11(10), p.1046. DOI: 10.3390/atmos11101046 (publicly accessible)

Marr, K.D., Thayer, A.S., Englert, C.R., and Harlander, J.M., 2020. Determining the thermomechanical image shift for the MIGHTI instrument on the NASA-ICON satellite. Opt. Eng. 59(1) 013102 (11 January 2020). Public access. DOI: 10.1117/1.OE.59.1.013102.

Wu, Y.J.J., Harding, B.J., Triplett, C.C., Makela, J.J., Marr, K.D., Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M. and Immel, T.J., 2020. Errors from asymmetric emission rate in spaceborne, limb sounding Doppler interferometry: A correction algorithm with application to ICON/MIGHTI. Earth and Space Science, p.e2020EA001164. DOI: 10.1029/2020EA001164 (publicly accessible)

2019

Frey, H.U., Han, D., Kataoka, R., Lessard, M.R., Milan, S.E., Nishimura, Y., Strangeway, R.J. and Zou, Y., 2019. Dayside Aurora. Space Science Reviews, 215(51). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-019-0617-7

Harlander, J.M., Englert, C.R., Marr, K.D., Harding, B.J., and Chu, K.T., 2019. On the uncertainties in determining fringe phase in Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy, Applied Optics, 58(13), pp. 3613-3619. DOI: 10.1364/AO.58.003613

Immel, T.J. and Eastes, R.W., 2019. New NASA missions focus on terrestrial forcing of the space environment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, pp. 2153–2156. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0066.1 (publicly accessible)

Marr, K.D., Morrow, W.H., Brown, C.M., Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M., Cerrato, A., Lamport, K. and Harris, S.E., 2019. Calibration lamp design, characterization, and implementation for the Michelson Interferometer for Global High-Resolution Thermospheric Imaging instrument on the Ionospheric Connection satellite. Optical Engineering, 58(5), p.054104. Public access. DOI: 10.1117/1.OE.58.5.054104.

Triplett, C.C., Immel, T.J., Wu, Y.J. and Cullens, C., 2019. Variations in the ionosphere-thermosphere system from tides, ultra-fast Kelvin waves, and their interactions. Advances in Space Research, 64(10), pp.1841-1853. Public access. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.08.015

2018

Immel, T.J., England, S.L., Mende, S.B., Heelis, R.A., Englert, C.R., Edelstein, J., Frey, H.U., Taylor, E.R., Craig, W.W., Harris, S.E., Bester, M., Bust, G.S., Crowley, G., Forbes, J.M., Gérard, J.-C., Harlander, J.M., Huba, J.D., Hubert, B., Kamalabadi, F., Makela, J.J., Maute, A.I., Meier, R.R., Raftery, C., Rochus, P., Siegmund, O.H.W., Stephan, A.W., Swenson, G.R., Frey, S., Hysell, D.L., Saito, A., Rider, K.A., and Sirk, M.M., 2018. The Ionospheric Connection Explorer mission: mission goals and design. Space Science Reviews, 214:13 (36pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0449-2

Kamalabadi, F., Qin, J., Harding, B.J., Iliou, D., Makela, J.J., Meier, R.R., England, S.L., Frey, H.U., Mende, S.B. and Immel, T.J., 2018. Inferring nighttime ionospheric parameters with the Far Ultraviolet Imager onboard the Ionospheric Connection Explorer. Space Science Reviews, 214:70 (14pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0502-9

Stephan, A.W., Meier, R.R., England, S.L., Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U. and Immel, T.J., 2018. Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON). Space Science Reviews, 214:42 (17pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

Stevens, M.H., Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M., England, S.L., Marr, K.D., Brown, C.M., and Immel, T.J., 2018. Retrieval of Lower Thermospheric Temperatures from O2 A Band Emission: The MIGHTI Experiment on ICON. Space Science Reviews, 214:4 (9pp.). Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0434-9

Stoneback, R.A., Burrell, A.G., Klenzing, J. and Depew, M., 2018. PYSAT: Python Satellite Data Analysis Toolkit. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123(6), pp.5271-5283. Preprint. DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025297

2017

Englert, C.R., Brown, C.M., Bach, B., Bach, E., Bach, K., Harlander, J.M., Seely, J.F., Marr, K.D. and Miller, I., 2017. High-efficiency echelle gratings for MIGHTI, the spatial heterodyne interferometers for the ICON mission. Applied Optics, 56(8), pp.2090-2098. Preprint. DOI: 10.1364/AO.56.002090

Englert, C.R., Harlander, J.M., Brown, C.M., Marr, K.D., Miller, I.J., Stump, J.E., Hancock, J., Peterson, J.Q., Kumler, J., Morrow, W.H., Mooney, T.A., Ellis, S., Mende, S.B., Harris, S.E., Stevens, M.H., Makela, J.J., Harding, B.J., and Immel, T.J., 2017. Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI): instrument design and calibration. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.553-584. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0358-4

Forbes, J.M., Zhang, X., Hagan, M.E., England, S.L., Liu, G. and Gasperini, F., 2017. On the Specification of Upward-Propagating Tides for ICON Science Investigations. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.697-713. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0401-5

Harding, B.J., Makela, J.J., Englert, C.R., Marr, K.D., Harlander, J.M., England, S.L. and Immel, T.J., 2017. The MIGHTI Wind Retrieval Algorithm: Description and Verification. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.585-600. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0359-3

Harlander, J.M., Englert, C.R., Brown, C.M., Marr, K.D., Miller, I.J., Zastera, V., Bach, B.W. and Mende, S.B., 2017. Michelson interferometer for global high-resolution thermospheric imaging (MIGHTI): monolithic interferometer design and test. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.601-613. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0374-4

Heelis, R.A., Stoneback, R.A., Perdue, M.D., Depew, M.D., Morgan, W.A., Mankey, M.W., Lippincott, C.R., Harmon, L.L., and Holt, B.J., 2017. Ion Velocity Measurements for the Ionospheric Connections Explorer. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.615-629. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0383-3

Huba, J.D., Maute, A. and Crowley, G., 2017. SAMI3_ICON: Model of the Ionosphere/Plasmasphere System. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.731-742. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0415-z

Maute, A., 2017. Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer: TIEGCM-ICON. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.523-551. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0330-3

Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U., Rider, K., Chou, C., Harris, S.E., Siegmund, O.H.W., England, S.L., Wilkins, C., Craig, W., Immel, T.J. and Turin, P., 2017. The far ultra-violet Imager on the ICON mission. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.655-696. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0386-0

Sirk, M. M., Korpela, E. J., Ishikawa, Y., Edelstein, J., Wishnow, E. H., Smith, C., McCauley J., McPhate J.B., Curtis J., and Gibson, S. R., 2017. Design and performance of the ICON EUV spectrograph. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.631-643. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0384-2

Stephan, A.W., Korpela, E.J., Sirk, M.M., England, S.L. and Immel, T.J., 2017. Daytime Ionosphere Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON). Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.645-654. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0385-1

Wilkins, C.W., Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U. and England, S.L., 2017. Time-Delay Integration Imaging with ICON’s Far-Ultraviolet Imager. Space Science Reviews, 212(1-2), pp.715-730. Public access. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0410-4

2016

Mende, S. B., 2016. Observing the magnetosphere through global auroral imaging: 1. Observables. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(10), pp.10,623–10,637. DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022558

Mende, S.B., 2016. Observing the magnetosphere through global auroral imaging: 2. Observing techniques. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(10), 10,638–10,660. DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022607

2015

Frey, H.U., Mende, S.B., Loicq, J. and Habraken, S., 2015. Calibration and Testing of Wide‐Field UV Instruments. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122(6), pp.6907-6921. DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022700

NON-REFEREED PUBLICATIONS (by year/author)

2015

Rider, K., Immel, T., Taylor, E. and Craig, W., 2015, March. ICON: Where earth's weather meets space weather. In Aerospace Conference, 2015 IEEE (pp. 1-10). IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/AERO.2015.7119120

ICON skin is based on Greytness by Adammer
Background image, courtesy of NASA, is a derivitave of photograph taken by D. Pettit from the ISS, used under Creative Commons license